Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) is a rehabilitation technique that was initiated over 50 years ago. It is used to stimulate the neuromuscular system in an effort to excite proprioceptors (sensory organs in muscles, tendons, bones, and joints) in order to produce a desired movement.
PNF involves many combinations of motions. The goal is to incorporate postural and righting reflexes,which are important for maintaining balance.
The goal of PNF is to restore neuromuscular function to an individual who presents with impairment to the neuromuscular system. By restoring neuromuscular function, the individual can improve gait, mobility, and self-care. Thus, the goal of PNF is to restore movement, control posture and body awareness, improve coordination, and improve muscle function.